HESSEN | The Battle of Jutland - Centenary Initiative
15511
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HESSEN

Fleet

HochSeeFlotte

Ship Type

Nickname

Ship Class

Braunschweig class pre-dreadnought

Grouping

II Battle Squadron

Command

Builder's Yard

Germanienschaft, Kiel

Budget Year

Construction Notes

Cost 23,867,000 marks

Date Laid Down

Launch Date

Completed date

18.09.1903

Commission date

19.09.1905

Year laid down

1902 (April)

Year launched

1903

Year completed

Commission Year

1905

Pennant No

Photo Details

Related stories

Sister ships

Elsass, Preussen and Lothringen

Eventual Fate

Jutland result

Was the second ship in the III Division of the 2nd Battle Squadron. Covered the retreat of Hipper's batle-cruisers. The min force turned westerly to avoid fire from Beatty but Mauve's ships continued south to block the battle-cruisers from Beatty's ships. When the 03:00 destroyer attack was launched, Hessen only just avoided at torpedo at 03:07. Hessen thought that it awas a submarine that had destroyed the Pommern and at 03:12 fired at what she thought was the submarine. At 05:06 and 05:13 she repeated firing at imaginary targets. Hessen fired five 28 cm rounds, thirty-four 17 cm and twenty-four 8.8 cm rounds.

Ready for action after dock repairs

Commander

Kapitän zur See Rudolf Bartels

Noteable Officers

Crew complement

Officers

35

Ratings

Killed

Wounded

Prisoners

Displacement full Load (tons)

14,394 long

Artefacts Data

Ship's Model

Length (ft)

419

Length (mtrs)

127.7

Beam (ft)

73

Beam (mtrs)

22.2

Draught (ft)

27

Draught (mtrs)

8.1

Max. Speed (knots)

18

Range (miles)

9,600 km at 10 kts

Range (kilometres)

Fuel

Propulsion

3 shaft with three 3-cylinfder Triple Expansion steam engines with 8 naval and 6 cylindrical boilers. Rated at 17,000 ihp.

Armour Main Belt

3.9" - 10" (100 - 255 mm)

Deck Armour

1.6" (40 mm)

Turret Armour IN CM

9.8" (250 mm)

Conning Tower Armour

Barbette Armour

Weight of armour

Armour / Displacement Ratio

Watertight compartments

General Notes

Fire Control Table

Fire Control - Clock

Primary Gun calibre

28 cm (11”) SK/L40 guns

No. Primary Turrets

2

Guns (No.barrels)

4

Primary gun layout

Rounds per main gun

Effective broadside guns

Primary shell Weight (inches or cm)

Primary Broadside Weight

Secondary Gun Calibre

17 cm (6.7 ”) SK / 40 guns

Guns (No.barrels) 2

14

Rounds per secondary

Other Armament

Fourteen 8.8 cm (3.5”) SK L/ 45 naval guns

Elevation (degrees)

Gunnery Range (yards)

Gunnery Range (metres)

Rate of Fire (rds per minute)

Shells expended Main

Mines dropped

Shells expended Secondary

Torpedoes fired

Gunnery Notes

Torpedo Type IN

18"

No. tubes

Torpedo Type MM

450 mm

No. Mines

Torpedo Notes

References & sources