MOLTKE | The Battle of Jutland - Centenary Initiative
15519
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MOLTKE

Fleet

HochSeeFlotte

Ship Type

Battle.cruiser

Nickname

Ship Class

Moltke

Grouping

I Scouting Group

Command

Hipper

Builder's Yard

Blohm und Voss, Hamburg

Budget Year

1908

Construction Notes

44 million marks budgedted. The German Navy dept. argued that Cruiser "G" as she was code-named should have 30 cm guns, but Tirpitz won the argument and increased the number of turrets.

Date Laid Down

07.12.1908

Launch Date

07.04.1910

Completed date

Commission date

30.08.1911

Year laid down

1908

Year launched

1910

Year completed

Commission Year

1911

Pennant No

Photo Details

Courtesy of Blohm und Voss, Hamburg

Related stories

Sister ships

Goeben

Eventual Fate

Scuttled at Scapa Flow. Salvaged 1927 and scrapped in Rosyth between 1927-1929.

Jutland result

All action times are CETFourth ship in the line, behind the Seydlitz and ahead of the con der Tann.At 16:51, two minutes after opening fire, Motlke hit Tiger twice but both without major damage, Then followed 4 shells, two of which kocked out both the midships and aft turrets. Around 17:05 Moltke fired torpedoes from a range of between 10,400 and 11,500 yards at the Queen Mary causing the line to fall into disarray. The German line now came into range of the Queen Elizabths who concentrated fire on von der Tann and Moltke, the last two ships of the line. At 17:16 one 15" hit and a coal bunker and set off a fire in a casemate destroying the ammunition hoists. Lion hit back but at the same time one of Lutzow's 30 cm shells penetrated Lion's Q turret starting a magzine fire. The magazines were flooded but 30 minutes later a fire ignited causing a huge pillar of flame. At 17:03 Indefatgable was succesfully hit by on der Tann. After she had exploded, Beatt'y lin turned away but in doing so Seydlitz and Derfflinger concentrated on Queen Mary which exploded at 17:26. While Motlke and von der Tann were taking fire from the 5th BS, Derfflinger and Seydlitz comcentrated fire on the Queen Mary. Soon after 19:30 the Grand Fleet was encountered. Scheer could not get away without sacrificing his slower pre-dreadnoughts (He had thought about retiring early from battle but the encounter with the Grand Fleet now made this impossible). His 180 degree turn to starboard putting them on his disengaged side.At 21:00 Beatty moved his ships westward to follow the sound of gunfire, sighting them at 21:09. Moving to 8,500 yards they opened fire. It was a difficult moment as Hipper was just trying to transfer from the G.39 (it took till 22:15 till he transfered to the Motlke).. Nevertheless German fire was strong: at 21:32 both Lion and Princess Royal were hit. Once on Moltke, Hipper ordered his ships to close with the main battle fleet. Derfflinger and von der Tann were badly damaged and could only make 18 kts and could not keep up with either Seydlitz or Motlke. The latter closed too near to the line, pushing Stettin out of line, The chain reaction led to Frauenlob, Stuttart and Munich to turn to port to avoid a collision. On doing so they ran into the 2nd LCS and fire was opened at 800 yards. But the encounter gave Southampton a chance to launch a torpedo which mortally damaged the FrauenlobIn the confusion, Seydlitz could not keep up with Moltke's 22 kts and the two separated. At 23.55 and at 00:20 Karpf tried unsuccesfully to get through the British line. He did so at 01:00 when he had managed to get ahead of the Grand Fleet. At 03:55 Hipper reported to Scheer: "I Acouting Group was therefore no longer of any value for a serious engagement, and was consequently directed to return to harbour by the commander in chief, while he himself determined to await developments off Horns Reef with his battle fleet" (Wiki 2324). Molkte had hit Lion 13 times and had been hit herself 4 times by 15" shell.

Ready for action after dock repairs

Commander

Kapitän zur See Johannes von Karpf

Noteable Officers

Crew complement

Officers

43

Ratings

Killed

17 (Wiki 16)

Wounded

23 (Wiki 20)

Prisoners

40

Displacement full Load (tons)

25,400

Artefacts Data

Ship's Model

Length (ft)

612'

Length (mtrs)

186.6

Beam (ft)

98'

Beam (mtrs)

30

Draught (ft)

30'

Draught (mtrs)

9.2

Max. Speed (knots)

28.4 (Design 25)

Range (miles)

Range (kilometres)

Fuel

Propulsion

3 Parsons steam turbines driving four shafts. Rated at 52,000 shp.

Armour Main Belt

3.9" - 11" (100 - 280 mm)

Deck Armour

1" - 3" (25.4 - 76.2 mm)

Turret Armour IN CM

9.1" (230 mm)

Conning Tower Armour

14" (350 mm)

Barbette Armour

9.1" (230 mm)

Weight of armour

Armour / Displacement Ratio

Watertight compartments

General Notes

Fire Control Table

Fire Control - Clock

Primary Gun calibre

28 cm (11”) SK/L40 guns

No. Primary Turrets

5

Guns (No.barrels)

10

Primary gun layout

Rounds per main gun

Effective broadside guns

Primary shell Weight (inches or cm)

670

Primary Broadside Weight

6,700

Secondary Gun Calibre

15 cm (5.9”) SK L/45 guns

Guns (No.barrels) 2

12

Rounds per secondary

Other Armament

Twelve 8.8 cm (3.5”) SK L/ 45 naval guns

Elevation (degrees)

13.5

Gunnery Range (yards)

19500

Gunnery Range (metres)

Rate of Fire (rds per minute)

Shells expended Main

Mines dropped

Shells expended Secondary

Torpedoes fired

Gunnery Notes

von Karpf commented on the quality of he gunnery from the 5th BS: "The enemy's salvos lie well and close; their salvos are fired in rapid succession, the fire discipline is excellent" (Not so the case with Beatty's battle-cruisers where fire allocation had again been muddled, repeating the same mistakes of the Dogger Bank)

Torpedo Type IN

No. tubes

Torpedo Type MM

No. Mines

Torpedo Notes

References & sources